Within the limits of climate protection and security of supply, the customer determines what his energy supply, mobility and heating solutions should look like. The members of bne offer these new solutions.
The path of decarbonisation is competitive, European and open to technology. Pure energy saving policies in the sense of a simple reduction of kilowatt hours contradicts this task and shortens it inadmissibly.
Many factors affect the implementation of the energy transition. All of them are based on four fundamental requirements:
- Energy transition is based on renewable energies,
- it has to be decentral, digital and flexible,
- energy transition has to integrate electricity, heating and mobility with the help of a carbon price,
- energy transition asks for a reform of regulated price components, energy transition needs to be simple and standardized.
Decentral with renewable energies, flexible and digital
Renewable energies are generated, stored, made flexible and demanded in a decentral way. The focus is on a decentralised market for the production and use of renewable energies. Generation, storage, trading and consumption are controlled flexibly, digitally and fully automated down to the second. Digitization enables data to be displayed every second. It is the basis for regional and local electricity trading. Business models and digital innovations "behind the meter" must become the standard. Flexibilities are developed via market mecha-nisms that are open to all technologies.
The price for CO2 generates investment security and demand for renewable energies
The European Emission Trading System is working, but has so far been ineffective due to quantity errors and it does not cover all necessary sectors, such as heating and cooling as well as transport. An effective carbon price combines market economy and climate protection; it promotes investment security and makes the development of non-fossil solutions predictable and lucrative. It ensures that heating and cooling as well as mobility generate a demand for renewable electricity. Thus, renewable energy is given a price. The Renewable Energies Act (EEG) has made wind and sun power competitive. When renewable energy has become the normal case of production, it must endure in the market and receive an adequate price by demand.
Apportionment, levies and the reform of grid feeds
First and foremost, distribution grids have to link generation, storage and consumption. To achieve this purpose, they must be large enough and operated efficiently. New energy industry means to distribute the grid costs fairly. Grid costs are mostly fixed costs and therefore independent from the amount of electricity used by the costumer. They should therefore be designed as an annual infrastructure charge paid by the costumer. They are neutral and do not impede the necessary flexibility. Social hardship should be avoided by additional measures.
The future energy system is elemantary
Obsolete standards and regulations must be purified and modernised. Many rules from the era of national monopoly and the early days of liberalisation have become superfluous or even harmful, while others have never been sufficiently consistent. More freedom and more scope of action for consumers, prosumers, entrepreneurs and other market participants are essential to boost the market. An easy and secure competition among the multitude of players, market roles and market participants asks for fair grid access and usage rules as well as efficient processes. Especially when markets meet areas of regulated monopoly, standards for interfaces need to be developed.